Resources on Women in Islam

Women’s Rights and Legal Status

Gender Jihad: Muslim Women, Islamic Jurisprudence, and Women’s Rights by Melanie P. Mejia

Qur’anic Foundations of the Rights of Muslim Women in the Twenty-First Century by Azizah al-Hibri

The Right of Muslim Women to Become Judges by Nevine Abdullah

Muslim Women’s Rights in the Global Village: Challenges and Opportunities by Azizah al-Hibri

Equal Before Allah, Unequal Before Man? Negotiating Gender Hierarchies in Islam and International Law by Shaheen Sardar Ali

How to Challenge the Patriarchal Ethics of Muslim Legal Tradition by Ziba Mir-Hosseini

Islam and Women’s Rights by Zainah Anwar

Secular is Not Always Better: A Closer Look at Some Women-Empowering Features of Islamic Law by Asifa Quraishi-Landes

The Construction of Gender in Islamic Legal Thought and Strategies for Reform by Ziba Mir-Hosseini

Islam, Law and Custom: Redefining Muslim Women ‘s Rights by Azizah al-Hibri

An Introduction to Muslim Women’s Rights by Azizah al-Hibri

“I am One of the People” A Survey and Analysis of Legal Arguments on Women-led Prayer in Islam by Laury Silvers

The Testimony of Women in Islamic Law by Dr. Taha Jaber Al-Alwani

Actually, Islam Does Allow Women to Lead Mixed-Gender Prayers by Orbala

Revisiting the Woman Question: An Islamic Perspective by Dr. Mona Abul-Fadl

The Qur’an Does Not Prohibit Women’s Marriage to People of the Book – and Other Facts About Interfaith Marriage in Islam by Orbala

Women in Shari’a Courts: A Historical and Methodological Discussion Amira Sonbol

Revisiting Women’s Rights in Islam: ‘Egalitarian Justice’ in Lieu of ‘Deserts-based Justice’ by Mohsen Kadivar

Domestic Violence, Marriage, and the Family

Domestic Violence: Islamic Perspective by Zainab Alwani

Disciplining Wives: A Historical Reading of Qur’an 4:34 by Manuela Marín

The Qur’anic Model on Social Change: Family Structure as a Method of Social Reform by Zainab Alwani

Towards Gender Equality: Muslim Family Laws and the Shari‘ah by Ziba Mir-Hosseini

Domestic Violence and the Islamic Tradition: Ethics, Law and the Muslim Discourse on Gender by Ayesha Chaudhry

Justice and Equality in Muslim Family Laws: Challenges, Possibilities, and Strategies for Reform by Zainah Anwar and Jana S. Rumminger

Exegetical Violence: Nushuz in Quranic Gender Ideology by Sa’diyya Shaikh

The Dilemma of the Prophetic Example and the Qur’anic Injunction on Wife-Beating: “I wanted one thing and God wanted another . . . ” by Ayesha Chaudhry

The Ethics of Marital Discipline in Pre-Modern Qur’anic Exegesis by Ayesha Chaudhry

An Islamic Perspective on Domestic Violence by Azizah Al-Hibri

A Tafsir of Praxis: Gender, Marital Violence, and Resistance in a South African Muslim Community by Sa’diyya Shaikh

Domestic Violence: A Violation of Islam by WISE Muslim Women’s Shura Council

Marital Discord: Recapturing Human Dignity Through the Higher Objectives of Islamic Law by Abdulhamid A. Abusulayman

A Meditation on Mahr, Modernity, and Muslim Marriage Contract Law by Asifa Quraishi-Landes

The Feminist Challenge of Qur’an Verse 4:34: An Analysis of Progressive and Reformist Approaches and Their Impact in British Muslim Communities by Siel Devos

The Prohibition of Domestic Violence in Islam by Shaykh M. Hisham Kabbani and Dr. Homayra Ziad

“In the Book We have Left out Nothing”: The Ethical Problem of the Existence of Verse 4:34 in the Qur’an by Laury Silvers

The Misinterpretation of “Idribu” in 4:34 of the Qur’an (part 2 and 3) by Dr. Laleh Bakhtiar

The Nature of the Islamic Marriage: Sacramental, Covenantal, or Contractual? by Azizah al-Hibri

A Woman’s Right to Terminate the Marriage Contract: The Case of Iran by Ziba Mir-Hosseini

A woman is Qawwam, too. How did we miss that?

Women in Sufism

Woman and Sufism by Camille Adams Helminski

Ibn ‘Arabî’s Twofold Perception of Woman: Woman as Human Being and Cosmic Principle by Souad Hakim and translated by Nermine Hanno

The Lady Nizam – an Image of Love and Knowledge by Ralph Austin

“Guest of the Inmost Heart”: Conceptions of the Divine Beloved among Early Sufi Women by Maria Massi Dakake

Women of Light in Sufism by Sachiko Murata

“Walking upon the Path of God like Men”? Women and the Feminine in the Islamic Mystical Tradition by Maria Massi Dakake

‘Ajamī Mysteries of Sitt ‘Ajam Bint al-Nafīs: A Feminine Hermeneutic of an Heiress of Ibn ‘Arabī by Fatima Az-Zahra’ Ahmad Langhi

The Rise of the Sheikha by Mark Hay

Rabi’a as Mystic, Muslim and Woman by Barbara Lois Helms

Women in Shi’a Islam

Lady Nusrat Beygum Amin by Tayyebeh Cheraghi

Sayyid Muhammad Hussein Fadlallah: Muslim Cleric and Islamic Feminist by Sophie Chamas

Status of Women in Islam: A Critical Analysis on a Matter of Equality by Ghulam Hossein Adeel

Was Imam ‘Ali a Misogynist? The Portrayal of Women in Nahj al-Balaghah and Kitab Sulaym ibn Qays by Amina Inloes

Negotiating Shi’i Identity and Orthodoxy through Canonizing Ideologies about Women in Twelver Shi’i Aḥadīth on Pre-Islamic Sacred History in the Qurʾan by Amina Inloes


Women in the Qur’an by S. Kianfar

Women in Islam by Seyyedeh Dr. Nahid Angha

Women’s Exegesis and Thought/Women-Friendly Tafsir

Bint al-Shati’s approach to Tafsir: An Egyptian Exegete’s Journey from Hermeneutics to Humanity by Shuruq Naguib

English Translations of the Quran by Women: Different or Derived? by Rim Hassen

Rethinking the Qiwamah: a Qur’anocentric Evaluation of Modern Women Exegetes’ Perspectives by Mohamed Saleck Mohamed Val

Islam Beyond Patriarchy Through Gender Inclusive Qur’anic Analysis by Amina Wadud

An examination of Bint al-Shāṭi’́s method of interpreting the Qurʾan by Sahiron Syamsuddin

The Four Journeys Toward Conduct from Lady Amin’s Point of View by Maryam-ol-Sadaat Izadi

English Translation of the Quran by Women: The challenges of “Gender Balance” in and through Language by Rim Hassen

The Place of God’s Unity (Tawhid) in Mystical Thoughts of Lady Amin by Maryam-ol-Sadaat Izadi

The Absence of Muslim Women in Shaping and Developing Islamic Thought by Nimat Hafez Barazangi

The Problems of Conscience and Hermeneutics: A Few Contemporary Approaches by Ayesha Chaudhry

A Study of Bint al-Shati’s Exegesis by Muhammad Amin

Why Muslim Women are Re-interpreting the Qur`an and Hadith: A Transformative Scholarship-Activism by Nimat Hafez Barazangi

Did a Woman Edit the Qur’an? Hafsa and her Famed Codex by Ruqayya Y Khan

Muslim Feminism

Transforming Feminisms: Islam, Women, and Gender Justice by Sa’diyya Shaikh

Islamic Feminism and Its Discontents: Toward a Resolution of the Debate by Valentine Moghadam

Recovering the Progressive Spirit of Islam: Ijtihad and Its Transformative Possibilities in Islamic Feminism by Eréndira Cervantes-Altamirano

Muslim Women’s Quest for Equality: Between Islamic Law and Feminism by Ziba Mir-Hosseini

Islamic Feminism: What’s in a Name? by Margot Badran

Contestations: Islam and Feminism by Hania Sholkamy

The Quest for Gender Justice: Emerging feminist voices in Islam by Ziba Mir-Hosseini

Muslim Women’s Religious and Feminist Identities: A Study of Muslim Feminism in the Bosnian Context by Maria Lis Baiocchi

Women’s Experiences

Communicating Gender in the Public Sphere: Women and Information Technologies in the MENA Region by Loubna H. Skalli

Rethinking Women’s Issues in Muslim Communities by Kecia Ali

Women, Saints, and Sanctuaries in Morocco by Fatima Mernissi

Feminism and Difference: The Perils of Writing as a Woman on Women in Algeria by Marnia Lazreg

Misery memoirs: why is it different for Muslim women? by Samira Ahmed

Veiling and Dress

Why I as a Muslim Woman Don’t Wear a Headscarf by Lamya Kaddor

Burqa and Niqab by Dr. Homayra Ziad

Islam and the Veil by Dr. Usama Hassan

The Ideology of the Veil: Fundamentally Misogynistic or Fundamentally Misunderstood? by Karina Jougla

5 Muslim Scholars On The Permissibility Of Not Wearing The Headscarf by Junaid Jahangir

On Muslim Women and the Islamic Dress Code by Emel Zeynelabidin

Women and the Hadith

Women in the Hadith Literature by Ignaz Goldziher

Sexual Violence and Sexuality

Her Honor: An Islamic Critique of the Rape Laws of Pakistan from a Woman‐Sensitive Perspective by Asifa Quraishi-Landes

Criminalizing Sexuality: Zina Laws as Violence Against Women in Muslim Contexts by Ziba Mir-Hosseini

Female Genital Mutilation: An Islamic Perspective by Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Ph.D.

Control and Sexuality by Ziba Mir-Hosseini

Delinking Female Genital Mutilation/ Cutting from Islam by Ibrahim Lethome Asmani and Maryam Sheikh Abdi

A Religious Oriented Approach to Addressing FGM/C among the Somali Community of Wajir, Kenya by Maryam Sheikh Abdi

The Death Penalty for Homosexual Acts is a Violation of Shari’a by Michael Mumisa

Do Women Need Four Witnesses to Prove Rape? by Hareem Shafi

Lectures and Interviews

Women in Islam by Maria Massi Dakake

Maryam: Pious Woman, Saint, or Prophet? by Maria Massi Dakake

Female Spirituality in Islam by Maria Massi Dakake

Women and Shi’ism by Maria Massi Dakake

Intimate Echoes of Self: Gender & Sexuality in Ibn ‘Arabi’s Cosmology by Sa’diyya Shaikh

Religion and the Feminist Movement by Riffat Hassan

Religion and the Feminist Movement by Azizah al-Hibri

Reconstituting The Moral Authority of Women in the Modern Age by Dr. Khaled Abou El Fadl

Can Muslim Women Marry Non-Muslim Men? by Muhammad Khaleel

Text, Gender and Reform in Islam by Amina Wadud

Women’s Rights in Islam by Prof. Dr. Shaheen Sardar Ali

The Veil as Magic in Non-Democratic Islam: The Word and the Deed or the Symbolic Management of Incoherence by Fatima Mernissi

Ibn Arabi and Reimagining Gender by Sa’diyya Shaikh

The Qur’anic Worldview: A Womanist Perspective by Azizah al-Hibri

Quranic Concepts on Gender Equality by Dr. Zainab Alwani

On Women in Islam by Dr. Zainab Alwani

Sufi Women’s Lives and Contributions by Aisha Gray Henry

Domestic Violence and Quranic Permission by Sheikha Reima Yosif

The Potential and Promise of Feminist Voices in Islam by Ziba Mir-Hosseini

From the Feminine to Feminism: Women in Islamic Thought and Literature by Mona Siddiqui

What does the Quran really say about a Muslim woman’s hijab? by Samina Ali

Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Women Seeking Clergy Equality

Reformist Women Thinkers in the Islamic World

Women in the Qur’an by Suhaib Webb

Why Muslim Women Must Reinterpret the Qur’an  by Nimat Hafez Barazangi

What Islam really says about women by Murabit Ali

How Islam Made Me a Feminist by Zena Agha

Gender and Islam: Un-reading Patriarchal Interpretations of the Quran (part two) by Shazreh Hussein

Islam, Feminism and Human Rights by Amina Wadud

Laleh Bakhtiar on the Misinterpretation of 4:34 in the Quran by Laleh Bakhtiar

Islamic Law and Muslim Women by Azizah al-Hibri